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Definitions

Definitions

Alkanethiols: Alkanethiol is a kind of active surfactant bearing a hydrophobic alkyl chain and a thiol group as a surface anchor.

Via Science Direct

Analogues: a compound with a molecular structure closely similar to that of another.

Via Oxford Dictionary

Anisotropic: (of an object or substance) having a physical property that has a different value when measured in different directions. A simple example is wood, which is stronger along the grain than across it.

Via Oxford Dictionary

ATP synthase: The ATP synthase is a mitochondrial enzyme localized in the inner membrane, where it catalyzes the synthesis of ATP from ADP and phosphate, driven by a flux of protons across a gradient generated by electron transfer from the proton chemically positive to the negative side.

Via Science Direct

Bilayer: a film two molecules thick (formed, e.g., by lipids), in which each molecule is arranged with its hydrophobic end directed inward toward the opposite side of the film and its hydrophilic end directed outward.

Via Oxford Dictionary

Cation: a positively charged ion, i.e. one that would be attracted to the cathode in electrolysis.

Via Oxford Dictionary

Colloid: a homogeneous noncrystalline substance consisting of large molecules or ultramicroscopic particles of one substance dispersed through a second substance. Colloids include gels, sols, and emulsions; the particles do not settle, and cannot be separated out by ordinary filtering or centrifuging like those in a suspension.

Via Oxford Dictionary

CTAB: Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide ; is a quaternary ammonium surfactant.

Cytotoxic: Cytotoxic refers to a substance or process which results in cell damage or cell death.

Via Very Well Health

Cytotoxin: a substance toxic to cells.

Via Oxford Dictionary

Disassociation products: in chemistry and biochemistry is a general process in which molecules (or ionic compounds such as salts, or complexes) separate or split into smaller particles such as atoms, ions, or radicals, usually in a reversible manner.

Dispersion: in chemistry, mixture in which fine particles of one substance are scattered throughout another substance.

Via Infoplease

Electrostatic: relating to stationary electric charges or fields as opposed to electric currents.

Via Oxford Dictionary

Glycols: an alcohol containing two hydroxyl groups in its molecule.

Via Oxford Dictionary

In-vivo: (of a process) performed or taking place in a living organism.

Via Oxford Dictionary

In-vitro: (of a process) performed or taking place in a test tube, culture dish, or elsewhere outside a living organism.

Via Oxford Dictionary

Ion: an atom or molecule with a net electric charge due to the loss or gain of one or more electrons.

Via Oxford Dictionary

Ligand: an ion or molecule attached to a metal atom by coordinate bonding.

Via Oxford Dictionary

Micelle: in physical chemistry, a loosely bound aggregation of several tens or hundreds of atoms, ions (electrically charged atoms), or molecules, forming a colloidal particle—i.e., one of a number of ultramicroscopic particles dispersed through some continuous medium.

Via Britannica

Micromolar: A concentration of 1/1,000,000 (one millionth) molecular weight per liter (mol/L).

Mono dispersed: characterized by particles of uniform size in a dispersed phase.

Via Merriam-Webster

Mono-layer: a layer one molecule thick.

Via Oxford Dictionary

PEGylated: PEGylation is the act of covalently coupling a PEG (polyethylene glycol) structure to another larger molecule.

Via Oxford Dictionary

Polyethylene glycol (HS-PEG): Polyethylene glycol is a polyether compound with many applications, from industrial manufacturing to medicine.

Polymer: a substance that has a molecular structure consisting chiefly or entirely of a large number of similar units bonded together.

Via Oxford Dictionary

Seed-mediated: The seed-mediated growth method is a typical example of heterogeneous nucleation processes. A typical seed-mediated growth process involves two steps: the synthesis of seed nanoparticles and their subsequent growth in growth solutions containing metal precursors, reducing reagents, and shape-directing reagents.

Via Publishing

Surfectant: compounds that lower the surface tension between two liquids, between a gas and a liquid, or between a liquid and a solid. Surfactants may act as detergents, wetting agents, emulsifiers, foaming agents and dispersants.

Via Oxford Dictionary

Surface plasmon resonance: or SPR is an optical effect that can be utilized to measure the binding of molecules in real-time without the use of labels.

Via Nicoya

TEM: Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) is a microscopy technique in which a beam of electrons is transmitted through a specimen to form an image.

Via Oxford Dictionary

Thiol: an organic compound containing the group —SH, i.e. a sulfur-containing analog of an alcohol.

Via Oxford Dictionary